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Arabic 201: Lesson 1
Grammar 1: Masculine and feminine

All nouns and adjectives in Arabic must indicate gender (feminine or masculine) whether they refer to animate or inanimate objects. There is no suffix that signals masculine, but feminine is indicated by the suffix at the end of the word. Remember that the shape of the suffix depends on the preceding letter. Look at the following examples of masculine and feminine nouns.

Feminine Masculine
student
engineer
teacher
doctor
parent

Words for inanimate objects such as trees and books are either masculine or feminine, and usually changing the gender does not give a meaningful word. When you learn a new word, make sure to know its gender.

Examples:

Masculine Feminine
book car
class university
street city
the weather language

Examples of Adjectives:

Feminine Masculine
beautiful
Egyptian
tall
new
big


EXERCISE 1

EXERCISE 2



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